The first trimester is a time when pregnancy “dangers” are often lurking. This stage greatly affects the development of the fetus in the future. Pregnant mothers need to pay attention to many issues in life such as diet, nutritional balance, beauty care and health. In addition, pregnant mothers should pay attention to limit vigorous activities to avoid possible bad things.
1. How will a mother’s body change during the first trimester of pregnancy?
The mother’s body during the first 3 months of pregnancy will usually have the following manifestations: feeling tired, sleepy, always feeling hungry and craving for foods that you did not like before and you are also indifferent and hateful. Pre-pregnancy foods you love so much. Pregnant mothers will easily be allergic to the smell and feel nauseous, or have headaches, dizziness and frequent nausea.
These are very normal and common symptoms for pregnant women in the first 3 months of pregnancy. Since the mother’s body produces more blood to supply the fetus, the increase in hormones and uterine size also increase.
2. Women’s psychology in the first trimester of pregnancy
The first stage of pregnancy can be smooth sailing for many women, but many mothers find their mood quite “precarious” (especially mothers who are pregnant for the first time). Mothers are most often worried about in the early stages of pregnancy. If you also feel that you become more emotional, suddenly happy and sad, rest assured, these are very normal things of all pregnant mothers, you should not be too worried.
Pregnant mothers may experience one or more of the following:
- Excited, surprised at everything but at the same time worried and confused.
- Change in mood erratic and sudden.
- Doubt about your ability to be a mother after your baby is born.
- Excited, feeling wanting to let the world know you are pregnant
- Mother will feel deeply in love with her husband / husband, but then become indifferent and neglect.
- Feeling regret when having to break up “in a girl’s time”, having to sacrifice his career or give up happy parties, worrying about his appearance after giving birth …
- Become more sensitive, can easily cry while watching a sad movie, or seeing pictures of a baby.
In the early stage of pregnancy, pregnant mothers will feel the body has many changes because there is a growing being in the abdomen, there are many thoughts that the pregnant mother has never thought of, or even dreamed about the day you give birth , what your baby looks like, etc. A mother’s mood during pregnancy also changes rapidly, with erratic sunshine and rain, easy to sad, easy to cold. These are normal signs during this period and you should rest assured because these are only hormonal changes during pregnancy.
3. Do not be subjective, indifferent to the first trimester
A pregnancy will last about 40 weeks and is divided into 3 trimesters. In particular, the first trimester will be counted on the first day of the last menstrual period and last until the end of the 13th week of pregnancy. During this time, most mothers wonder about issues such as:
- Nutrition regime and living
- Prenatal testing
- Body changes, especially in weight
- Baby health and development
- Abstain from pregnancy
If the 2nd trimester, the 3rd trimester is considered the “honeymoon period”, the first trimester is the period to be very cautious. Because at this stage, the mother will have to deal with morning sickness, causing vomiting and discomfort. In addition, this is also the time when mothers are very susceptible to obstetric complications such as stillbirth, chromosomal problems…
4. Things to know in the first trimester
4.1 Where to get nutrition from the first trimester of pregnancy?
During initial body formation and brain structure during the first trimester of pregnancy, the fetus always needs an adequate source of nutrients from the mother’s body transmitted through the umbilical cord. During the first 3 months, pregnant women usually gain 0.9 to 2.3 kg.
In contrast to many mothers also lost 3 kg. If you do not know what pregnant women need to eat, mothers should add 10-18g of protein per day, corresponding to 50-100 grams of meat, fish or 1-2 glasses of milk per day.
Iron is 15 grams per day and folic acid (vitamin B9) helps to reduce the risk of neural tube defects and spina bifida in children, found in dark green vegetables.
In addition, you need to supplement vitamin B12 and vitamin C to help develop bone cartilage, muscle and blood vessels for the fetus, creating a strong placenta.
4.2 Signs of well-developed pregnancy in the first trimester
Indigestion, heartburn: This is a good sign that the hormones in pregnancy are still working normally when slowing down the digestive process of the body.
Body aches and pains: When the fetus is growing up, pregnant mothers will have to deal with aches and pains in the back, arms and legs. This is a completely normal symptom in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters.
Weight gradually increases: If the weight increases about 0.5kg / week in the first and second trimesters, pregnant mothers can be assured with the correct development of pregnancy.
Morning sickness: Experts confirm that morning sickness proves that pregnant mothers are having enough hormones necessary for the developing fetus.
Stable blood pressure and blood sugar: Only if your blood pressure and blood sugar are at a stable level can you be assured of avoiding pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes. If these two indicators are correct, it proves that pregnant women are eating and exercising very healthy!
4.3 First trimester pregnant women have colic
According to experts, abdominal pain during the first 3 months of pregnancy will be divided into 2 cases: normal abdominal pain and dangerous abdominal pain.
In the first 3 months, women often experience shady colic, this is a sign of nesting eggs, so pregnant mothers do not need to worry too much.
In addition, the first month of pregnancy, the pregnant woman’s abdomen often feels tight, especially pain in the lower abdomen, this phenomenon is due to the fetus trying to attach to the uterus.
It is also at this time that morning sickness and gagging will appear. Until the fetus grows a little, abdominal pain is caused by tension in the muscles and ligaments from the uterus. This phenomenon is more evident when changing positions, coughing or squatting and standing up.
However, if there are abdominal pain symptoms in the first 3 months:
- Abdominal pain moves throughout the abdomen, severe pain warns of ectopic pregnancy.
- Long-term abdominal pain, constriction in the abdomen accompanied by bleeding during pregnancy is a symptom of miscarriage.
- If the mother feels cramping pain in the abdomen with diarrhea, back pain, and abdominal cramps are symptoms that threaten preterm birth.
- If you have abdominal pain in the first 3 months of pregnancy, accompanied by blurred vision, nausea, vomiting and other signs, the pregnant mother may have pre-eclampsia.
If you experience these symptoms, it means the life of the mother and the baby in the womb is in danger and effective measures should be taken.
5. Take care of pregnant mothers in the first trimester of pregnancy
5.1 Antenatal care in the first 3 months
When you first know you are pregnant, you should immediately see a doctor to confirm the pregnancy with certainty. Usually, you should see your doctor once a month during the first trimester. The doctor will check the weight, blood pressure, urine test and listen to the fetal heart rate.
During the first visit, your doctor may perform a general and pelvic physical exam. In addition, you may also be asked to have tests such as:
- Pregnancy ultrasound
- Pap test
- Blood pressure
- Get tested for sexually transmitted infections like HIV and hepatitis
- Calculate the due date
- Screen for risk factors such as anemia
- Thyroid examination
- Check your weight
At 11 weeks, your doctor may prescribe nortic opacity (NT) measurement to diagnose Down syndrome early in pregnancy. You can also ask your doctor about genetic screening during pregnancy to find out your risk for specific genetic diseases.
If you are over 35 years old, you are overweight, underweight, high blood pressure, diabetes, HIV, cancer or other immune disorders, twins or multiple pregnancies, you should have regular prenatal visits because These are factors that indicate you are at higher risk of complications from pregnancy.
5.2 Nutrition for pregnant mothers
Although you are eating for 2 people, you do not need to eat too much, you only need to provide 150 more calories every day in the first trimester.
- Maintain a nutritious diet rich in green vegetables, fruits, and low-fat, high-fiber forms of protein
- Supplement folic acid, iron, calcium, vitamins A, D, C, B adequately. A deficiency of folic acid can cause a neural tube defect in the fetus.
- If you are uncomfortable with nausea due to morning sickness, divide into several small meals with bland, protein-rich foods such as crackers, meat, cheese, juice …
- If you have cravings for non-food items like clay, dirt, detergent, powder … you should see a doctor as this could be a sign that you have Pica syndrome.
- Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day. You can also get more fluids for your body from juices, soups, soups, and milk.
5.3 Daily living regime
Gentle movement with exercises such as yoga for pregnant women, meditation, walking, jogging…. You can also train pelvic floor muscles with Kegel exercises.
According to research published by the British Journal of General Practice, having sex during the first 3 months of pregnancy is completely okay if your health is stable and feel interested in “love”. However, depending on your health, you decide the number of “love” and the right sexual position. In addition, you should avoid too aggressive actions because it can easily affect the fetus.
Pay attention to rest, relax, and avoid overwork. You should also take naps or rest as needed during the day. If you feel too tired, you can find someone to share your worries and worries with. You can talk to your husband, friends, family member or even an expert.
6. Things to avoid in the first 3 months of pregnancy
- Exercise too hard because it can cause stomach injury
- Use beer, alcohol, and caffeinated foods and beverages such as tea and coffee
- Use narcotic
- Use raw, raw fish or smoked seafood
- Use fish high in mercury such as shark, swordfish, mackerel or white snapper
- Eat raw sprouts
- Contact cat and dog feces because you can become infected with the toxoplasma parasite
- Unpasteurized milk or other dairy products
- Ham or sausage ..
7. Note in the first trimester
Pregnancy and childbirth can affect your life a lot. During the first 3 months of pregnancy, there will be a lot of things you need to think about in order to prepare for the future:
- The first trimester is the time when the pregnancy is still not stable, you can wait until the second trimester and then definitely share the pregnancy with relatives and friends.
- Consider whether to continue working or not. In addition, you should also learn more about maternity leave.
- At this stage, you may also begin to consider choosing a birthplace.
You should see a doctor right away if:
- Heavy bleeding, abdominal pain, or throbbing pain in the abdomen as this could be a sign of a miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy.
- Vaginal discharge that is foul-smelling, green or yellow, or has a lot of clear discharge
- Rapid weight gain or too little weight gain
- Despite the hard work, pregnancy is still one of the happiest times in life. In the first 3 months of pregnancy, although there are many risks, you should not be too stressed or worried if there are no abnormal signs to avoid causing mental pressure.
Above “Motherhood Maternitys” has outlined the things to note during the first 3 months of pregnancy, including the development of the fetus in the womb and also nutrition for the first 3 months of pregnancy. The most important thing is regular follow-up, regular check-ups according to the doctor’s appointment to promptly detect if any abnormalities exist and promptly intervene and support the comprehensive development of the baby. Good health mothers and fetuses!