Most pregnancies have positive results. However, it will not be redundant when pregnant mothers have more knowledge about the possible risks during pregnancy. The article below the Motherhood Maternity will popularize some of the most common Pregnancy complications.
1. What are complications of pregnancy?
Pregnancy complications are all possible health problems during pregnancy that are directly related to the health of the mother or fetus or both mother and baby. Complications can occur in healthy pregnant women. For mothers who have had health problems, the risk of pregnancy complications increases.
Pregnancy complications make pregnancy more risky, and the mother will need regular care and monitoring. The reality is that most pregnancies rarely have complicated complications, but at least a good understanding of what can affect their health is what expectant mothers should have. do.
Sometimes there is no clear distinction between complications of pregnancy and the unpleasant symptoms caused by pregnancy. Usually, uncomfortable symptoms do not affect daily activities or cause danger to mother and baby. However, in some cases it is difficult to distinguish these two conditions. The distinction should be based on the severity of the symptom.
For example, when pregnant women have morning sickness, the typical sign may be mild nausea, but with complications of vomiting, the mother will have a lot of nausea and vomiting, sometimes leading to the danger of dehydration and electrolytes is very dangerous.
2. The first stage of pregnancy
Pregnant women can have miscarriages in the past 20 weeks. Unfortunately, up to 15-20% of pregnant women experience miscarriages, and more than 80% of these miscarriages occur within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
This fact shows that most miscarriages usually occur during the first 3 months of pregnancy. These are considered a direct result of chromosomal abnormalities in a fertilized egg, which prevent embryos from developing. The first symptom of a miscarriage is bloody vaginal discharge. So if you see any unusual vaginal leakage during pregnancy, see your doctor as soon as possible.
Once an egg has fertilized, it can be fixed anywhere other than the uterus (fallopian tube, ovary, cervix, stomach), known as an ectopic pregnancy. Unfortunately, there is no way to remove ectopic pregnancies or reinsert them. It is estimated that 1 out of 50 normal pregnant women will have an ectopic pregnancy.
Infection during pregnancy
Pregnancy is a sensitive time for a woman, at this time the mother’s immune system has to “carry” to protect both the mother and the baby, leading to being “overloaded” not enough to protect the body. optimally. In addition, the hormonal and physiological changes have a significant impact on the health, making pregnant women more susceptible to infections. In particular, the types of infections that pregnant mothers are susceptible to during pregnancy are: vaginitis, rubella, group B streptococcus, hepatitis B / C, urinary tract infections, chickenpox, diseases spread, …
3. The period between pregnancy
Pre-eclampsia is a complicated disorder that affects 3-8% of pregnant women. Usually this occurs in pregnant women who have passed the 20th week of pregnancy. In that case, the diagnosis is usually made under two conditions simultaneously: having a high blood pressure and tests that show the presence of protein in the urine.
Most pregnant women may be at risk for a mild form of pre-eclampsia near their birth date. And pre-eclampsia can affect many organs and cause problems serious enough to endanger the lives of both mother and child. If these are cases that need treatment, the doctor will decide to give birth early.
Anemia during pregnancy is a common problem among pregnant women. Normally, the amount of iron absorbed through foods only meets 5-15%, this number is too low to meet the body’s needs. In addition, for women suffering from morning sickness, iron deficiency anemia becomes more severe.
During the middle and late period of pregnancy, the demand for iron increases, up to 5-7 times normal, so pregnant women need to develop a reasonable diet to provide adequate iron for the body. Because if the body is severely deficient in iron, there can be risks such as miscarriage, placenta forwards, premature placenta, gestational blood pressure, pre-eclampsia, postpartum haemorrhage.
Placenta striker means the placenta lying in front of the path of the fetus during vaginal delivery. Therefore, in these cases, most of them need a cesarean section. In the last 3 months of pregnancy, if the placenta is striker, the pregnant woman will suddenly bleed bright red, maybe more or less, clot, not accompanied by abdominal pain. If there is a suspicion of a forward placenta, the pregnant woman must immediately consult a doctor to promptly handle and prepare for an early cesarean section if necessary.
If you start having frequent contractions that cause dilating or developing dilated vaginal fluids before you get pregnant until 37 weeks, this could signal that you are having preterm labor or a premature delivery. Also, for any birth before 37 weeks, this means you give birth early.
4. Last stage of pregnancy
About 5% of pregnant women show signs of diabetes. In fact, gestational diabetes seems too little, but this phenomenon still occurs. Therefore, if expectant mothers are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, they must be closely monitored by their doctor to prescribe a specific course of treatment and diet, which controls blood sugar.
Usually during the last 6-8 weeks of pregnancy, the fetus moves to the lower part of the uterus. The best position of the fetus for labor is: head downwards, face facing the mother’s back, chin close to chest, nape of nape towards pelvis – specialized nouns called head.
Placenta striker means the placenta lying in front of the path of the fetus during vaginal delivery. Therefore, in these cases, most of them need a cesarean section. In the last 3 months of pregnancy, if the placenta is striker, the pregnant woman will suddenly bleed bright red, maybe more or less, clot, not accompanied by abdominal pain. If there is a suspicion of a forward placenta, the pregnant woman must immediately visit a doctor to promptly handle and prepare for an early cesarean section if necessary.
5. The period of labor
Lack of amniotic fluid
The amniotic sac during pregnancy should be neither too few nor too many to protect and support the best development of the fetus. If you have amniotic fluid deficiency, fetal growth can be damaged and in this case you should be closely monitored by your doctor during pregnancy. Furthermore, if you are already pregnant near 37 weeks and the situation is severe enough, your doctor may decide to give you birth earlier than usual, to ensure the safety of you and your baby.
In the case of prolonged labor (especially in the first births), both the woman and the baby face a number of complications such as: infection (infection of the amniotic fluid leading to infection of the blood, skin …) postpartum haemorrhage.
Amniocentesis is a rare obstetric emergency because amniotic fluid and substances in the fetus enter the mother’s blood circulation, causing a rejection reaction through each other. This elimination reaction causes acute respiratory and circulatory failure in the mother. Amniocentesis is a complication that often occurs late in labor. The death rate of pregnant women when experiencing this complication is 80% although this complication is extremely rare (0.00125% of births).
6. Do you need to see a doctor?
When one of the following symptoms appears, call your obstetrician right away:
- Bleeding from the vagina.
- Pain, cramps in the abdomen.
- Sudden swelling, swelling of the hands or face.
- Severe headache.
- Dizziness, blurred vision.
- Persistent vomiting.
- The baby suddenly moves less than usual during the third trimester.
Note: Pregnancy complications can lead to serious consequences for the mother and fetus if not well controlled. Besides periodic pregnancy check-ups, pregnant mothers should also have. The Motherhood Maternity’s article is for reference only, not a substitute for diagnosis or medical treatment.