Learn about types of birthmarks in infants

Every sign of an abnormality that appears in a newborn makes parents worried, especially birthmarks in babies. Types of birthmarks can be harmless or warn some of the child’s health that parents need special attention.

1. What is a birthmark in a Newborn Baby?

Baby birthmarks are dark areas that appear on a baby’s skin several months after birth. The percentage of babies born with birthmarks is quite high, usually above 80% and often fades and disappears over time. However, there are some birthmarks that go with the child for the rest of their life, adversely affecting the child’s aesthetics and spirit. So parents need to learn about birthmarks on their child’s body, to be able to explain to their children to avoid low self-esteem as well as to treat birthmarks early on the baby’s body.

2. Types of birthmarks in babies

Coffee birthmarks

Coffee stain is a dark skin, can be seen anywhere on the baby’s body with the color from light brown to dark brown. This stain is permanent and very common. It can occur anywhere on the body, and in size increases as the child gets older. Usually, no treatment is needed.

Nevus was born

Usually present on the skin at birth. Congenital nevus is a large, painless, large black mole that usually appears on the scalp or body of the body. Sizes range in diameter from a few millimeters to several centimeters and cover a large area of the skin. If your child has these, consult your doctor to monitor the color change as your baby grows.

Gray nevus array

The gray nevus plaque is a large, harmless gray-green birthmark. This is a common birthmark in black or Asian children. It usually occurs on the lower back and is less common on the buttocks, legs, or arms. Gray nevus plaques tend to fade and do not require treatment.

Red wine birthmarks

These birthmarks are due to excessive concentration of blood vessels under the skin, usually dark red or purple in color with an irregular shape, wide and flat along the skin. If these birthmarks appear in the area on the eyelids or forehead, parents should see the baby to see if the baby has glaucoma or an abnormality of the sturge-weber cortex.

Vascular birthmarks

A vascular tumor is a pink, green, or red birthmark that grows within months of birth and shrinks over time.  A child with childhood hemangioma may have only a small mark on the skin by the age of 10.

Treatment is not required for most hemangiomas. The general attitude of a physician in treatment is often to wait for the injury to degrade naturally.

Salmon patches or stork bites

Sometimes called stork bites or angel kisses, salmon patches are reddish or pink patches, appears on the back of the neck. Salmon birthmark patches may fade as the newborn baby grows, the nape of the neck may be permanent. Salmon patches don’t require any type of treatment.

Birthmarks Mongolia (Mongolian spot)

Gray-green inlays or bruises that usually appear on the lower back, buttocks or limbs. They appear to be quite common on the bodies of people with dark skin. Mongolia can last for several months or years, but usually disappears until a child turns 4 years old. This birthmark is completely harmless and requires no treatment. They are also sometimes confused with bruises due to impact.

Congenital melanocytic naevi – CMN

Brown or black spots are usually present at birth. They range in diameter from less than 1.5 cm to more than 20 cm. The risk of a congenital mole developing into skin cancer is quite low, but it increases proportionally with the size of the mole.

3. Causes of birthmarks

Currently the cause of the eczema / birthmark on a child’s skin is not known exactly, and genetic factors are often not the main cause. As mentioned above, blood vessel birthmarks are formed by abnormal blood vessels in or under the skin, while less pigmentation is caused by clusters of pigment cells in the skin.

It has been suggested that red wine drops are due to the inability of the nerves that control the elasticity of capillaries to function, or the lack of nerves to perform that function. That means that blood is supplied regularly to the area of ​​the birthmark, making it always red or purple in color. Them as well as the cause of types of birthmarks.

4. Treating birthmarks

Most birthmarks on a baby’s skin are harmless and do not require treatment. Some types of birthmarks as your baby get older will fade with time. Others like wine stains and moles will last forever if you don’t remove them.

In special cases, birthmarks will need to be treated for medical reasons – for example, if the blood tumor blocks the airways, affects vision or gets ulcers. Some people can also make treatment decisions and get rid of them forever for cosmetic reasons.

Note: If you are concerned about your child’s birthmark, talk to your doctor about this, so you can find the most effective treatment. The articles of Motherhood Maternity are for reference only, not a substitute for diagnosis or medical treatment.

Motherhood Maternity

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