Menstrual disorders is a phenomenon seen in many women, of all ages. For women who are expecting a baby, but having a menstrual disorder can be a big hit. So when this happens, what should you do to not compromise your health and your plan to have your baby? This article is advised by Doctor NMT – Head of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Along with the Motherhood Maternity find out the article below.
1. What is menstrual disorders?
Menstruation is a phenomenon of bleeding from the uterus to the vagina due to the removal of the lining of the uterus when conception does not occur. Menstrual irregularities or irregular periods are abnormalities of menstruation in terms of duration (menstrual bleeding, amenorrhea, amenorrhea), frequency and amount of blood lost on the day of menstruation (menstrual periods), accompanied by irregularities. Usually changes in color of menstruation, menstruation (severe abdominal pain during menstruation), … The cause can be due to endocrine disorders or physical diseases. These are the signs and symptoms of one or more different illnesses and menstrual disorders are not diseases themselves.
2. Do not underestimate the menstrual disorders
Do you know what menstrual cycles are considered normal? According to obstetricians and gynecologists, the normal menstrual cycle is about 28-32 days and menstruation time is about 5-7 days. Your menstrual cycle may not follow this principle, be longer or shorter, but it should be stable. If the cycle of the months is too different, the amount of menstruation is more or less, you may have a menstrual cycle disorder.
Menstrual disorders can be a sign of a number of diseases such as ovarian cysts, gynecological diseases, uterine fibroids … Whatever the cause, menstrual cycle disorders also cause many inconveniences in life. There is a potential risk of some diseases affecting the reproductive health of women. So women should not underestimate menstrual cycle disorders. Please follow up regularly and when you see abnormal menstrual cycle, need to visit the obstetric and gynecology clinic for examination and consultation.
3. The cause of menstrual disorders
3.1 Due to physiology
During her reproductive period, a woman goes through many stages from menstruation, pregnancy, lactation, pre-menopause to menopause. These changes are associated with hormonal changes in the body.
Weight gain or loss
Sudden weight changes also lead to menstrual irregularities because fluctuations in a woman’s weight can affect the pituitary gland, thereby creating an imbalance in hormones, disrupting the ovulation cycle. to menstrual disorders.
Inappropriate diet and nutrition, use of stimulants (tobacco, coffee), … alter the concentration of hormones and cause bad effects on the body such as digestive disorders. From there, causing fatigue, dehydration, rapid pulse, lowering blood pressure, … directly affect the menstrual cycle.
Exercise too much
Excessive exercise consumes a lot of energy, changes the normal functioning of organs in the body, so it also causes menstrual disturbances, possibly causing secondary amenorrhea.
Stress – stress
Stress, sickness for many days, stress, … will cause the adrenal glands to secrete the hormone cortisol. This hormone affects the production of female hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. These two hormones are responsible for regulating your period.
Sanitation is not clean
During your period and after sex, you should be clean, especially your genitals. Change tampons regularly, about 3-4 hours apart, the tampon should be changed once to limit the growth of bacteria, causing gynecological infections.
Side effects of medications
Birth control pills make female hormones change, disrupting menstruation. Use of long-term, high-dose antibiotics or hormonal drugs can also lead to menstrual irregularities.
3.2 Due to disease
A thyroid disorder affects the metabolic rate in the body, altering the hormones and menstrual cycle, and can cause secondary amenorrhea.
The ovaries do not ovulate, affecting the amount of progesterone, causing an imbalance in the ratio of estrogen-progesterone in the body, affecting the endometrium, causing endometrium → hemorrhage. If this happens, a woman will not have a true period because ovulation is not regular.
After an abortion, endometritis, will also disrupt the menstrual cycle, by causing uterine adhesions – causing secondary amenorrhea. Diseases such as uterine fibroids, uterine polyps, endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial cancer, cervical cancer cause bleeding without menstrual cycle.
Premature ovarian failure
Ovarian dysfunction before age 40. Women with early ovarian failure may experience irregular or irregular periods for many years.
4. Can menstrual disorders get pregnant?
Women who are expecting a baby with a menstrual cycle disorder are worried because menstrual disorders are pregnant? According to obstetricians, women with menstrual disorders can still conceive but the rate of conception is very low, often infertility, infertility. Menstrual irregularities make it difficult for women to determine the time of ovulation to have sex, leading to conception more difficult than those with normal menstrual cycles.
Menstrual disorders can cause women at risk for gynecological diseases, ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids … These are diseases that make it difficult for women to become pregnant, even if they are not treated early. can lead to infertility.
You are trying to have a baby but your period is disruptive, it is best to go to the hospital to be examined and advised by the doctor. It may take a while for your regular period treatment to make it easier to have a healthy pregnancy and baby.
5. How to overcome menstrual disorders
5.1 Due to physiological
Healthy eating mode
Drink enough 2 liters of water per day. Eat a reasonable, nutritious diet with a diet rich in vitamins and minerals: Eat plenty of whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, and avoid saturated fats and fast foods.
Before the expected period of your period, do not eat spicy foods, fried foods, fried foods, or foods with a lot of welding properties. For people who are physically weak, should increase the nutritional supplementation for the body, eat a variety of poultry meat, drink milk.
Avoid using alcohol, stimulants such as coffee, tea … do not smoke and stay away from places with smoke.
Get enough sleep, avoid staying up late. Light and regular exercise such as: walking, yoga, aerobic exercise, …
Do not exercise or exercise vigorously during the menstrual days. Keep your stomach warm so you don’t catch colds: Putting a warm pad on your abdomen or soaking in a hot tub can help relieve menstrual cramps.
Clean your genitals, have a decent and healthy relationship.
Mental and psychological
Optimistic spirit, love life, fun. Learn how to adjust psychology, find ways to relieve psychology when something unhappy, do not let emotions dominate too much. Having a good mentality in all situations and situations that happen in life.
5.2 Due to disease
Check in periodically to monitor and protect your own health. Regular health checks not only prevent menstrual disorders but also many other diseases.
Menstrual disorders are phenomena that directly affect conception. So, should not be subjective, but should go to the doctor and resolve the situation completely. Because this can be a sign of a number of dangerous gynecological diseases that directly affect the fertility as well as the life of women.
If you are expecting your baby to have a menstrual disorder, do not hesitate, see the obstetrician or fertility assistant for advice on treatment to soon satisfy.
6. When do you need to see a doctor?
You should see a gynecologist if your period is irregular, even if you don’t want to have a baby. It is necessary to see a gynecologist when: You have been 15 years old without having a period or 3 years after developing mammary glands without having a period.
Your period is less than 21 days or longer than 45 days after your first period. After your first period 3 years your period is less than 21 days or longer than 35 days.
After the first menstrual period that appears 1 cycle lasting more than 90 days. Finding the cause of the ovulation disorder characterized by irregular menstruation and early treatment often has a high success rate.
So, don’t hesitate and procrastinate. Visit reputable facilities to visit and receive advice from a specialist.